Vicenza

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Location

Vicenza
Italy
45° 32' 55.392" N, 11° 32' 51.0864" E
IT
General info: 

Vicenza and the surrounding countryside and hills are particularly famous for the many works, and particularly the Villas, by Palladio. Because of the architectonic contributions of Andrea Palladio, it was included in UNESCO's list of world heritage places in 1994. It is located at the foot of the Berici mountains, at the confluence of the Retrone and the Bacchiglione rivers on a flat fertile part of the upper Venetian plain.

Vicenza is an ancient city. In 157 b.D. it entered into the roman empire with the name Vicetia or Vincentia. In 889 it was destroyed by Ungari, and in 1001 it became an episcopal stronghold. In 1404 it became part of the Republic of Venice. The XVI century was very important for Vicenza because Andrea Palladio built several villas and palaces.

Many of the sights date from the 16th century, the town's age of splendour. The main sights include The Basilica Palladiana, considered Palladio's masterpiece, the Loggia del Capitanio, Monte di Pietà, Palazzo Chiericati, the Teatro Olimpico Palladio's last work, as well as several monumental buildings such as the Porto Fontana, Porto-Breganze, Casarotti, Da Schio and the Casa del Palladio.

The Duomo dates form the 14th century. It's a beautiful example of Gothic-Renaissance with a polyptych by Veneziano. The Basilica di Monte Berico is from the 17th-early 18th century and has paintings by Veronese.

Getting there: 

TRAIN
The train station is located on the southern part of the town, at the end of Viale Roma. Piazza Castello and the old town is a mere 5-minute walk from the station.
The railstation of Vicenza is on the line connecting Milan to Venice. There are also a number of trains to other major cities and destinations such as Bologna to the south, Bolzano to the north, and Trieste to the east via connections Verona, Padova, Venice, and Trento.

Trains to the towns and cities around Vicenza depart daily (times provided are for the regionale trains). The most common are to Verona (1 hour), Padova (25 minutes), Venice (1 hour 15 minutes). Trains also depart for Bassano del Grappa, Treviso, Castelfranco, Rovigo, Sirmione, and Ferrara.

BUS
Vicenza is connected to other cities with a bus servirce offered by Ferrovie Tramvie Vicentine.

Interesting places nearby

Contrary to popular belief, the St. Peter’s Basilica isn’t the mother church of the Catholic Church nor is it the residence of the bishop of Rome. However, this building is probably the most famous church in the world.

Vatican Museums are a part of Pope’s official residence, the Papal Palace. With more than 1,400 rooms, the Vatican Museums are one of the most important cultural institutions in the world.

On over 80 hectares in the heart of Rome stretches an English-type garden, named the Villa Borghese. It was made in 17th century, when Cardinal Scipione Borghese decided to turn his vineyard into a large landscape garden.

Pantheon is one of the best-preserved of all Roman buildings. It was completed around 14AD and has been in continuous use ever since which is probably why it is still in a very good shape.

The Sistine Chapel is the official residence of the Pope, but its global fame this church owes to the works of arts in its interior.

Pompeji is a unique place in the world – an ancient city trapped in time by a volcano explosion. In 79 AD, the Vesuvius erupted covering (and preserving) the whole city of Pompeii in ash.